1. Direct pressure stops bleeding – Serious bleeding from a major blood vessel or artery is a life-threatening emergency. The best way to stop severe bleeding is to apply firm, direct pressure directly over the bleeding wound.
2. Anyone can use a defibrillator – Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs) deliver an electrical shock to help victims of sudden cardiac arrest. A cardiac arrest occurs when the heart stops beating due to a problem with electrical activity. Public buildings should have an AED station on hand, mounted in plain sight and marked with a sign. An AED is designed to be used by anyone. They are fully automated and have voice prompts to guide the user through the steps. Providing employees with an annual training on the use of an AED could save lives.
3. Nosebleeds – Tilt the head forward, not back! The best way to stop a nosebleed is to pinch the soft part of the nose for a minimum of 10 minutes while having the person lean forward.
4. Water for burns – Cooling a burn quickly is vital to prevent further damage to tissue. The best way to cool a burn is running water. Putting anything else on a burn (such as butter or toothpaste, etc.) will not be as effective at removing heat and stopping the burning process.
5. Chest compressions rule – The most important component of CPR is high quality chest compressions. If you are unable or unwilling to do rescue breathing, then don’t. Instead do continuous chest compressions until medical help arrives.